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《Chinese Journal of Oil Crop Sciences》 2008-01
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Study on the effects of NPK fertilizers and optimum fertilizer rate on direct-seeding rapeseed

ZOU Juan1, LU Jian-wei1, LI Yin-shui, LI Zhi-yu, CHEN Fang3(1.College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070,China; 2.Oil Crops Research Institute , Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences , Wuhan 430062,China; 3 Botanical Garden of Wuhan /Wuhan Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430074,China)  
Based on the "3414" fertilizer experiment protocol, a field experiment was conducted to study effects of NPK fertilizers and optimum fertilizer rate on direct-seeding rapeseed. The results showed that the coordinated application of nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium increased the yield of rapeseed significantly, and their effect on the yield of rapeseed could be ranked as NKP;nutrient content and uptake of organs for rapeseed was improved with the application of the corresponding nutrient; the most effective combination utilized N 35.1%, P 23.1% and K 73.9% when applied N 180, P2O5 30 and K2O 90 kg/hm2 respectively. According to univariate quadratic model, the most appropriate fertilization for direct-seeding rapeseed was N 212 kg/hm2、P2O5 23 kg/hm2 and K2O 112 kg/hm2,respectively.
【Fund】: 国家十一五科技支撑课题(2006BAD21B03、2006BAD25B01);; 国际植物营养研究所(IPNI)合作项目(Hubei-30)
【CateGory Index】: S565.4
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