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《中国化学工程学报(英文版)》 2008-02
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Evaluation of Catalysts and Optimization of Reaction Conditions for the Dehydration of Methyl Lactate to Acrylates

ZHANG Jinfeng,LIN Jianping,XU Xiaobo and CEN Peilin Institute of Bioengineering,College of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering,Zhejiang University,Hang- zhou 310027,China  
The production of acrylates from biomass-originated lactic acid is of extraordinary importance,to over- come the increasing worldwide shortage of petroleum.In this study,the catalytic dehydration of methyl lactate over a calcium sulfate catalyst,with various promoters,has been carried out to identify potential catalyst/promoter com- binations for acrylate production.The best catalyst for methyl acrylate formation in this study has been calcium sulfate,with cupric sulfate and phosphates as promoters.The optimal mass ratio of m(CaSO4)︰m(CuSO4)︰ m(Na2HPO4)︰m(KH2PO4)is 150.0︰13.8︰2.5︰1.2.Effects of carrier gas,reaction temperature,feed concentra- tion as well as contact time on the dehydration of methyl lactate have been investigated.With nitrogen as a carrier gas,a combined yield of acrylic acid and methyl acrylate is 63.9%from 60%(by mass)methyl lactate at 400°C with 7.7 seconds contact time.
【Fund】: he Special Foundation for State Major Basic Research Program of China(2007CB707805 2004CCA05500)
【CateGory Index】: O643.36
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