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《中国化学工程学报(英文版)》 2008-02
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Synthesis of Co Nanoparticles and Their Catalytic Effect on the Decomposition of Ammonium Perchlorate

DUAN Hongzhen1,2 ,LIN Xiangyang 1 ,LIU Guanpeng 1 ,XU Lei 1 and LI Fengsheng1, 1School of Chemical Engineering,Nanjing University of Science and Technology,Nanjing 210094,China 2Department of Chemistry,School of Science,North University of China,Taiyuan 030051,China  
The monodispersed Co nanoparticles were successfully prepared by means of hydrogen plasma method in inert atmosphere.The particle size,specific surface area,crystal structure and morphology of the samples were characterized by transmission electron microscopy(TEM),BET equation,X-ray diffraction(XRD),and the corre- sponding selected area electron diffraction(SAED).The catalytic effect of Co nanoparticles on the decomposition of ammonium perchlorate(AP)was investigated by differential thermal analyzer(DTA).Compared with the ther- mal decomposition of pure AP,the addition of Co nanoparticles(2%-10%,by mass)decreases the decomposition temperature of AP by 145.01-155.72°C.Compared with Co3O4 nanoparticles and microsized Co particles,the catalytic effect of Co nanoparticles for AP is stronger.Such effect is attributed to the large specific surface area and its interaction of Co with decomposition intermediate gases.The present work provides useful information for the application of Co nanoparticles in the AP-based propellant.
【Fund】: the National Natural Science Foundation of China(50306008 50602024)
【CateGory Index】: O611.3
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