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《中国化学工程学报(英文版)》 2008-05
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Removal of Cd(II)by Nanometer AlO(OH)Loaded on Fiberglass with Activated Carbon Fiber Felt as Carrier

LIU Guanghui,WANG Peipei,LIU Qiong and HAN Wei College of Physics,Jilin University,Changchun 130021,China  
A new nanometer material,nanometer AlO(OH)loaded on the fiberglass with activated carbon fibers felt(ACF)as the carrier,was prepared by hydrolytic reaction for the removal of Cd(II)from aqueous solution using column adsorption experiment.As was confirmed by XRD determination,the hydrolysis production loaded on fi- berglass was similar to the orthorhombic phase AlO(OH).SEM images showed that AlO(OH)particles were in the form of small aggregated clusters.The Thomas model was applied for estimating the kinetic parameters and the saturated adsorption ability of Cd(II)adsorption on the new adsorbent.The results showed that the maximum ad- sorption capacity of Cd(II)was 128.50 mg·g- 1and 117.86 mg·g -1for the adsorbent mass of 0.3289 g and the ad- sorbent mass of 0.2867 g,respectively.The elution experiment result indicated that the adsorbed Cd ions was easily desorbed from the material with 0.1 mol·L -1 HCl solution.Adsorption-desorption cycles showed the feasibility of repeated uses of the composited material.The adsorption capacities were influenced by pH and the initial Cd(II) concentration.The amount adsorbed was greatest at pH 6.5 and the initial Cd(II)concentration of 0.07 mg·L- 1,re- spectively.Nanometer AlO(OH)played a major role in the adsorption process,whereas the fiberglass and ACF were assistants in the process of removing Cd(II).In addition,the adsorption capacities for Cd(II)were obviously reduced from 128.50 mg·g- 1to 64.28 mg·g -1when Pb ions were present because Pb ions took up more adsorption sites.
【CateGory Index】: TQ028
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