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《中国化学工程学报(英文版)》 2012-01
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Effects of Additives and Coagulant Temperature on Fabrication of High Performance PVDF/Pluronic F127 Blend Hollow Fiber Membranes via Nonsolvent Induced Phase Separation

Chun Heng Loh1,2 and Rong Wang1,2,* 1 School of Civil and Environmental Engineering,Nanyang Technological University,639798 Singapore,Singapore 2 Singapore Membrane Technology Centre,Nanyang Technological University,639798 Singapore,Singapore  
Poly(vinylidene fluoride)(PVDF) has become one of the most popular materials for membrane prepara-tion via nonsolvent induced phase separation(NIPS) process.In this study,an amphiphilic block copolymer,Plu-ronic F127,has been used as both a pore-former and a surface-modifier in the fabrication of PVDF hollow fiber membranes to enhance the membrane permeability and hydrophilicity.The effects of 2nd additive and coagulant temperature on the formation of PVDF/Pluronic F127 membranes have also been investigated.The as-spun hollow fibers were characterized in terms of cross-sectional morphology,pure water permeation(PWP),relative molecular mass cut-off(MWCO),membrane chemistry,and hydrophilicity.It was observed that the addition of Pluronic F127 significantly increased the PWP of as-spun fibers,while the membrane contact angle was reduced.However,the size of macrovoids in the membranes was undesirably large.The addition of a 2nd additive,including lithium chlo-ride(LiCl) and water,or an increase in coagulant temperature was found to effectively suppress the macrovoid for-mation in the Pluronic-containing membranes.In addition,the use of LiCl as a 2nd additive also further enhanced the PWP and hydrophilicity of the membranes,while the surface pore size became smaller.PVDF hollow fiber with a PWP as high as 2530 L?m?2?h?1?MPa?1,a MWCO of 53000 and a contact angle of 71° was successfully fabricated with 3%(by mass) of Pluronic F127 and 3%(by mass) of LiCl at a coagulant temperature of 25 °C,which shows better performance as compared with most of PVDF hollow fiber membranes made by NIPS method.
【CateGory Index】: TQ340.6
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1 Bin Liang;Bing Cao;Honglai Wang;Kai Pan;Key Laboratory of Carbon Fiber and Functional Polymers,College of Materials Science and Engineering,Beijing University of Chemical Technology;;Preparation and Desalination Property of Composite Nanofiber Pervaporation Membrane[J];高分子材料科学与工程;2013-10
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