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《CHINESE JOURNAL OF CERIATRICS》 1996-01
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Effects of preconditioning on acute myocardial infarction

Liu Xiaoqing;Wei Jinghan;Wei Taixing.(The 155th Hospital of PLA,Kaifeng 475003)  
Objective In this study,the effects of preconditioning on acute myocardial infarction were observed.Methods Ninety-eight patients with acute myocardial infarction,aged 65.8±2.8 years,were divided into four groups by history of preinfarction angina.They were old preconditioning group(groupⅠ,n=23),new preconditioning group(group Ⅱ,n=25),old and new preconditioning group(group Ⅲ,n=28)and no preconditioning group(group Ⅳ,n=22).The size of myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction,the incidence of arrhythmias and the rate of mortality were recorded.Results in groupⅠ(59.4%±14.9%),group Ⅱ(60.4%±14.1%)and group Ⅲ(34.6%±7.8%),the size of myocardial infarction and myocardial ischemia was smaller than that in group Ⅳ(72.8%±17.3%,all P0.05),and the size in group Ⅲ was smaller than that in group Ⅰand groupⅡ(both P0.05).The incidence of arrhythmias in group Ⅱ(16.0%) and group Ⅲ(10.7%) was lower than that in groupⅠ(52.2%) and group Ⅳ(68.2%,all P0.05).The mortality rate was not different in the four groups(X2=7.388 ,P0.05).Conclusion Both old and new preconditioning can reduce the size of myocardial infarct,but only new preconditioning can reduce the incidence of arrhythmias.
【CateGory Index】: R542.220.5
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