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A community-based survey on hypertension in the elderly in seven cities of China

Wang Wenzhi;Fang Xianghua;Wu Shengping,et al.(Beijing Neurosurgical institute, Beijing 100050)  
Objective To investigate the epidemiologic features of hypertension in elderly people in some urban communities of China so that reasonable preventive strategies can be made.Methods Seven cities with a high incidence of stroke were selected for study.Survey items included measurement of blood pressure, height, weight and some risk factors of hypertension.All the interviewers were trained before participating in the survey.Results Nine thousand five hundred and ninety-seven elderly individuals in the urban population of 7 cities were investigated,yielding a prevalence rate of definite hypertension 26.4%,borderline hypertension 14.1%.Beijing showed the highest prevalence among the 7 cities;the rate of definite and borderline hypertension was 32. 2% and 15.6% respectively.The prevalence of hypertension in all age-groups were higher in female than in male,especially that of isolated systolic hypertension (PO. 01).The result of analysis on its risk factors revealed that the body mass index(BMI)was closely related to hypertension.Conclusions Hypertension is a disease that seriously endanger the health of the aged people and health education in community population should be further strengthened.
【CateGory Index】: R544.1
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