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A comparison of clinical characteristics and proguosis between non-senile and senile patients with dilated cardiomyopathy

Zhu Wenqing;Lin Youshan;Cai Naisheng(Department of Cardiology,Zhong Shan Hospital,Shanghai Medical University, Shanghai 200032)  
Objective The clinical characteristics and prognosis of 75 cases with dilated cardiomyopathy were studied.Methods All data were analysed with COX mode of Epidemiologic Graphics,Estimation,and Testing Package. Results The data showed that:(1)incidence of ventriculatr arrhythmia is higher in non-senile than in senile patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (X2=5.49, P 0.05);(2)survival duration is longer in senile than in non-senile patients(t=-2.69,P0.05);(3)in senile patients sensitivity to digitalis tends to increase and digitalis poisoning occurs easily;(4)congestive heart failure is the main cause of death in senile patients,while ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation is the main cause in non-senile ones.Conclusions it is found that:(1)worsening of heart function is the main cause of ventricular arrhythmia occurring in dilated cardiomyopathy;(2)incidence of malignant arrhythmia events is higher in non-senile than in senile patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, and the younger the age of the patients with dilated cardiomyopathy occurs,the worse the prognosis.
【CateGory Index】: R542.2
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