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Study of Hybridization Between Aegilops Tausehii (COSS.) Sch.and Averla Fatual.

Zhang Qinqing Shio Jianfu (Guizhou Agrlcuitural College)  
The direct hybridization between Aegilops tauschii (coss.) Sch.2n=2x=14 and Avena fatua L.2n=6x=42 have been succeeded.F1had 2 plants,a plant was strong dominance which formed 143 ears.Another grew very weakly,from seedling stage its foot leaf yellowedgradually and the last formed 14 ears.F1 pollen maternal cells were checked with the microscope,the strong growing hybrid was naturaldoubled to double diploid which chrornosome number was 2n=8x=56.The weak growing hybrid was heptaploid which chromosome num-ber was 2n=7x=49.These 2 hybrids possessed the charascterstics of oat tribe awn of which grew on the lemma back.They showed immu-nity to all races of powder mildew inside the country.Aegilops tauschii and other Aegiiops spp.have little resistance to powder mildew.Thefruit—bearing rate of heptaploid plant was lowest.
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