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《Acta Agriculturae Zhejiangensis》 2014-01
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In vitro toxicity and field control effect of six fungicides to Colletotrichum gloeosporioides causing citrus anthracnose

PU Zhan-xyu;HUANG Zhen-dong;HU Xiu-rong;LI Hong-ye;Institute of Biotechnology,Zhejiang University;Citrus Research Institute of Zhejiang Province;  
In order to obtain fungicides with high efficiency,low toxicity,and less pollution in controlling citrus anthracnose,which caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz.,the toxicity of pyraclostrobin,azoxystrobin,prochloraz,pyraclostrobin·me-tiram,thiophanate-methyl and iprovalicarb to a strain of C. gloeosporioides was respectively tested by mycelium growth rate and spore germination. The results showed that the effective dose to reduce mycelial growth of C. gloeosporioides by 50%( EC 50 values) were 0. 81,2. 58,0. 066,4. 97,1555. 15 and 237. 98 μg ·mL- 1,whereas the EC50 values of spore germination to pyraclostrobin,azoxystrobin,prochloraz and pyraclostrobin· me-tiram were 0. 93,14. 34,4. 47 and 5. 29 μg·mL- 1. Field experiments showed that 95% of above citrus anthracnose could be inhibited by azoxystrobin,prochloraz,iprovalicarb and pyraclostrobin·me-tiram with the recommended concentrations on citrus anthracnose. Conclusively,azoxystrobin,prochloraz,iprovalicarb and pyraclostrobin·me-tiram are effective in controlling citrus anthracnose.
【Fund】: 现代农业(柑橘)产业技术体系(MATS)专项经费资助
【CateGory Index】: S436.66
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