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《Hybrid Rice》 2011-01
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A Preliminary Study on Relation of Fertility to Temperature and Photoperiod in Indica CMS Lines of Rice

XI Jian-min1,2,ZHANG Xiong-fei1,TANG Ya-lin2,WEN Yi-gui1,2(1.Grand Agriseeds Technology Inc.,Changsha,Hunan 410001,China;2.Dong′an County Seed Technology Extension and Service Station,Dong′an,Hunan 425900,China)  
The relation of aborted pollen types of widely-used indica CMS lines including Tianfeng A,Longtepu A,Ⅱ-32 A and Jin 23A to the conditions of temperature and photoperiod 15 days before initial heading was surveyed and analyzed under field conditions with split seedings in Changsha,Hunan and Sanya,Hainan.The results showed that the extent of pollen abortion of the tested CMS lines varied with temperature conditions.There existed a significant positive correlation of the daily mean temperature 15 days before initial heading to the stained pollen percentage and selfed seed setting percentage for Tianfeng A,and to the stained pollen percentage for Ⅱ-32 A,but a significant negative correlation of the daily mean temperature 15 days before initial heading to the stained pollen percentage and selfed seed setting percentage for Longtepu A.No correlation was found between the fertility of CMS lines and the photoperiod.Based on the preliminary observation,the sensitive period of fertility to temperature of the tested CMS lines was from the formation of pistil and stamen to meiotic division of young panicles.
【CateGory Index】: S511.21
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