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《Zhejiang Sport Science》 2008-02
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Analysis and Study on the Race Strategies of Elite and Non-Elite Orienteers

SHAN Xiao-zhong(Department of PE and Military,Zhejiang University of Technology,Hangzhou 310014,China)  
The aim of this study was to compare the race-strategies of elite and non-elite orienteers.A preliminary questionnaire was completed by 64 orienteer runners stating which race strategy they preferred to use in a race situation.The actual race strategies of 8 elite and 8 non-elite orienteers from four different classes,UM2,UW2,HM2 and HW2,were then compared using results from orienteering champion of Zhejiang in 2006.The relative speeds for the first,middle and penultimate legs of the race were determined for each runner in order to discover the runner's actual race strategy.Independent t-tests showed that there were no significant differences between the race strategies of elite and non-elite orienteers in three out of the four classes analysed.The results of this study therefore suggest that the differences in performance between the elite and non-elite orienteers are likely to be due to other factors,such as a difference in overall fitness levels and absolute speeds sustained throughout the race.Results also indicated that whilst significantly more orienteers felt they had used a steady throughout race strategy during a race situation,in the majority of cases relative speed actually increased significantly over the course.It is clear that electronic punching allows close analysis of times throughout a race and may,therefore,prove useful as a training and coaching tool for elite orienteers.
【CateGory Index】: G826
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