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《Sciencepaper Online》 2006-01
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Resources,Environment and Biomass Fine Chemicals

Zhang Shufen Yang Jinzong (State Key Laboratory of Fine Chemicals,Dalian University of Technology,Dalian 116012)  
Resources and environment have been paid much attention in the development courses of science and technology in 21st century.In the whole world,only 3.5% of the biomass synthesized is utilized,in which 5% of it is applied to non-food industry,such as chemical industry.Thus it can be seen that,a large amount of biomass which has not been consumed as food and utilized in other aspects can be developed and applied as raw material.Starch is terricolous biomass resource whose yield is just lower than wood and cellulose.It has been biologically transformed to alcohol or other chemical intermediates due to that its properties of structure transformation and modification. Starch can also be directly modified to be used in various aspects as auxiliaries.This paper focuses on introduction of biologically compatible starch chemicals prepared from starch in place of petroleum resources.The starch chemicals include biodegradable starch resin,starch sizing paste,control-releasing materials for medical or agricultural application,water treatment agents and auxiliary agents for salt-free dyeing.The introduction aims to provide instructive references for sustainable development of advance and application of fine chemicals.
【CateGory Index】: TQ20
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