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《Journal of National Museum of China》 2015-01
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“Sui” [绥]

Bai YuLan;  
After a comprehensive analysis of the character "■ " inscribed on "Xinzao" bronze bimao [ ■俈柲冒] and written slips discovered atBaoshan and Guodian, the author reads "■ " as "sui" [绥], referring to an ancientflag. "■■ " [率绥] in the "Xinzao" bronze bimao inscription refers to the preceding flag. The two shu unearthed from the Chu state tomb 2 atBaoshan were probably used as poles for sui. In the ancienttimes, shu can be bladed or bladeless. The currentauthor believes thatsui was used on bladeless shu. In images showing fighting scene on water and on land thatdecorate a bronze jian unearthed in Jixian, Henan province, the flags with no dagger-axe or spear on top end should be sui. "Jinshu" [晋杸], as recorded in bamboo slips from the tomb of Zeng Hou Yi, refers to a kind of shu widely used in the Jin state or the Jin region. Itis pointed outthatbladed shu originated in south China and was referred to as "锐殳" in the north; bladeless shu, which originated in the north, belonged to the north cultural tradition in the Jin region and was known as "晋杸" in the south. These two kinds of shu are often misunderstood. In the annotations, the author also offers new interpretations of "中干" and "羊车" recorded in Chu state slip records of burial objects.
【Fund】: 2010年国家社科基金重大项目《出土古文献语料库建设研究》(10&ZD118);; 2014年国家社科基金一般项目《战国秦汉简帛古书通假字声系及数据库建设》(14BYY163)中期成果
【CateGory Index】: K877.5;H131
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