Excavation Report of Suwang Cemetery
Luoyang Institute of Cultural Relics Archaeology;Henan Provincial Cultural Relics Protection Office in South-to-North Water Diversion Project;
The Suwang cemetery is located in Wenxian county, Jiaozuo, Henan province. The canal of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project runs through it and covers an area of 30,000 square metres inside this cemetery. From June to November 2006, as part of the National South-to-North Water Diversion Project, the former Luoyang Cultural Relics Team excavated a group of Song and Ming dynasty tombs here. Song dynasty tombs are all brick-chambered and rectangular, square or octagonal in shape. The vaults, built in corbelling structure, are either hemispherical or in the form of a quadrangular frustum pyramid. According to the layout and orientation, Ming dynasty tombs mostly belong to different families. They are built with single brick chamber, earth chamber with vertical tunnel or vertical earth pit. All are south-facing. The tombs are scattered in an area that runs 2,000 metres from north to south. Generally three to five or dozens of tombs form a small group; only a few are single tombs. Although the excavated objects are not found in large number, the cemetery shows interesting burial format and customs. The discovery of the Suwang cemetery has provided useful data for the study of local burial customs of Song and Ming dynasty family cemetery.
【CateGory Index】： K878.8