Southern Song Dynasty Hoard of Bronze Coins Discovered in Huaxian
School of Cultural Heritage,Northwest University;Huaxian Cultural Relics Institute;
In the autumn of 2010,a hoard of bronze coins dated to the Southern Song dynasty was discovered at a construction site southeast of a school gate in Huaxian county,Weinan,Shaanxi province. The hoard is located in an open area near a road and beneath a cliff(formed in an earthquake that happened in the 34 th year of the Jiajing reign in Ming dynasty). It is a pit with an oval opening formed in the second strata and going into the third strata(the Song dynasty cultural strata). The earth fill is gray and loose. The coins,connected with cords,are scattered around and covered with some stones or bricks,instead of being kept in containers. In uncountable number and weighing about 4 tons in total,these coins are identified in seventy types,including "Wuzhu" and "Banliang" of the Han dynasty,"Kaiyuan Tongbao" and "Qianyuan Zhongbao" of the Tang,"Nantang Tongbao" of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms,coins marked with twenty-six reign titles and three types of coins without reign titles of the Northern Song,two types of coins without reign titles of the Southern Song and coins with one reign title of the Jin. This is the first time that Northern Song coins with varying reign titles and in large quantity have been discovered in Huaxian. It is also an astonishing discovery in Shaanxi. These coins provide important clues for studying history of Song dynasty coins,circulation of reign title coins and Song-Jin relations.
【CateGory Index】： K875.6