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《Journal of National Museum of China》 2015-10
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“Eight Immortals” on Yuan Dynasty Porcelain

Ye Qian;  
The "Eight Immortals"–usually known as Zhongli Quan,Li Tieguai,Lu Dongbin,Zhang Guolao,Lan Caihe,Han Xiangzi,Cao Guojiu and He Xiangu-refers to a group of Daoist immortals that first appear in Tang dynasty literature. Each is known for a unique physical appearance. Some of the Eight Immortals are brie y mentioned in Tang historical records. In the Song dynasty,related descriptions became abundant and more detailed. e popularity of Daoism and performing arts during the Yuan dynasty was accompanied with frequent representation of the Eight Immortals in literature and art. en from the mid Ming dynasty and onwards,the arrangement and images of the Eight Immortals became stylized and were used widely to decorate handicrafts. In previous researches,Eight Immortals images on Song and Yuan objects have been studied wrongly based on understanding about Ming and Qing Eight Immortals. e current author reviews Eight Immortals designs on Yuan dynasty porcelain and compares them with descriptions in Yuan and Ming dramas on this theme and related images in tomb mural paintings,brick reliefs and silk tapestry,so as to explore the origins of Eight Immortals as porcelain decoration. Misunderstanding is pointed out in this paper as well.
【CateGory Index】: K876.3
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