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《Journal of National Museum of China》 2015-10
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Chen Zhishu and Taiping Heavenly Kingdom:Three Inscribed Copper Cannons in Anhui Museum

Feng Chao;  
Anhui province is home to numerous events of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom uprising as well as related historical objects. The three copper cannons in the Anhui Museum with inscriptions(first-rate national cultural heritage) are of special historical value. One cannon inscribed with "九门御林开朝王宗谒天义陈 正铸炮刘造 太平天国辛酉十一年十二月吉日" was possibly made in January 1862. The other two cannons with identical inscription "九门御林开朝王宗谒天义陈 正铸炮刘造 太平天国壬戌十二年三月吉日" were possibly made in April 1862. All were cast when Chen Zhishu(with the noble title "Yetianyi") and his army were garrisoning Changzhou and therefore are witness of Chen's contribution to defending the city in the late period of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. As an officer under Li Xiucheng(with the noble title "King of Zhong"),Chen was a brave fighter and had made important battle achievements. However,much fewer records have been found about him in history books than about his brother Chen Kunshu("King of Hu"). By referring to memorials presented by Li Hongzhang during Huai Army's attacks of Changzhou,related documents about the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and local chronicles,the current author investigates historical background of the three cannons and reveals facts about Chen Zhishu,who has been ignored in history for a long time.
【Fund】: 安徽省社科联2014年度课题成果(项目编号:A2014059)
【CateGory Index】: K254
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Chinese Journal Full-text Database 6 Hits
1 HUAN Li(School of Politics,Law & History,Neijiang Normal University,Neijiang,Sichuan,641112,China);A Study of Anti-Confucius and Anti-Confucian Actions by Taiping Heavenly Kingdom[J];Journal of Neijiang Normal University;2011-01
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6 WANG Ming-qian (History School,Nankai University,Tianiin 300071,China);New Transformation of Official System in the Late Period of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom[J];Journal of Tianshui College of Administration;2006-03
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