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《Journal of National Museum of China》 2017-11
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Study on Yin Chang's Southward Journey to Lead the Army and Yuan Shikai Taking the Role

Wang Qingshuai;  
According to related historical material, in the Minister of Army Yi Chang's southward journey to lead the army in 1911, he arrived in Xinyang on 17 October, but did not arrive in Xiaogan until five days later on 22 October. Then it took another five days before he ordered the Qing dynasty army to attack at dawn on 27 October. This military activity underwent a meandering course: at first he marched actively, but then he held back and at last stayed defensive. The reason of Yin Chang's unusual performance was neither Beiyang Army disobeyed his order nor he was incompetent or coward. After the Qing army's first failure on 18 October, Yin Chang realized it was not easy to cope with the revolutionary army; on one hand he requested the application of cannons and machine guns, but on the other he agreed with the "keeping on solid defense" strategy proposed by Yuan Shikai. As early as 21 October, the Qing government had decided, under the behind-the-scene propelling of Sheng Xuanhuai and Zai Ze, to call back Yin Chang and give Yuan Shikai full military authority in the condition that Yuan Shikai should promptly march southward. Sheng Xuanhuai and others had advocated "rapid extermination of the rebels" and had been discontent with Yin Chang holding back in Xinyang. Meanwhile, both the court and the public urged the government to summon back Yin Chang because the separation of leadership and authority was detrimental, which was also an important factor for Yin Chang's call-back.
【CateGory Index】: K25
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