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《Journal of National Museum of China》 2019-12
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A Renewed Inter pretation of “益” and “易” in Oracle Bone Inscriptions

Xie Mingwen;  
The character "■" in oracle bone inscriptions was regarded as "益"(yi) for a long time in the academia. However, based on the related materials, the current author believes that this character should be interpreted as "衁" for "益" is closely related to "衁"(huang) in both the graphic shape and the usage in the text and has a interchangeable relationship in pronunciation with the characters with "皿"(min) as the phonetic determinative. In addition, according to the early pattern of "易"(yi), "易" was originally composed of a vertical plate and several water droplets, which meant to pour water with a plate. Therefore, "益" and "易" might be the result of graphic differentiation, which mean that "益" might be differentiated from the horizontal form of "易".
【Fund】: 国家社科基金青年项目“商代金文的全面整理与研究及资料库建设”(项目编号:16CYY031)的资助
【CateGory Index】: K877.1;H12
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