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Applied anatomy of esophagus upper orifice and its clinical significance

Peng Yucheng,Lu ShuchangDepartment of Otolaryngology,Changzheng Hospital,The Second Military Medical University,Shanghai 200003  
Objective:To provide voice restoration data for postlaryngectomy.Materials and Methods:The following structures were observed and measured on 40 normal adult cadaver(male 30,female 10):transverse diameter and the thickness of anteriorposterior wall of esophagus upper orifice;the width and thichness esophagus wall between the first and the second trachea rings.Results:The anterior wall of esophagus upper orifice was significant thicker than the posterior wall.The inner and outer transverse mean diameters of it were 11.9 mm and 16.6 mm separately.And the mean value of tracheesophageal common width and thickness was 12.0 mm and 6.1 mm respectively.Conclusions:The results provide an important clinical significance in voice restoration,esophgoscopy and the production of the voice tube suited for Chinese.
【CateGory Index】: R322.43,
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