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The study of applied anatomy of the mastoid canals (tunnels) in temporal bones

Zheng Ming,Chen Xinhua,Cheng Jinmei,Zou Xiaocheng,Kang ZhonghanDepartment of Anatomy,Fujian Medical College,Fuzhou 350004  
bjective:To provide an anatomic basis for neurosurgical and otolaryngolgical approach operating via sigmoid sinus and fenestration.Methods:The observations were made on 93 sides of dry skulls or temporal bones.The mastoid foramina and canals in the mastoid part were measured statistically for their presence、locstion、diameter and length with the vernier calliper.Results:The mastoid foramina and canals could be found individually in 63.4% and 44% subjects.The mastoid canals,located mainly at the mastoid part and being frequently found on the right,were 8.8(2.0~14.0)mm in length and 2.5(0.5~4.5)mm in diameter.The outer opening of the canals were anterior to the occipitomastoid suture,and the other (inner) opening were posterior to the posterior border at middle part of the sigmoid sulcus.The distance between the lateral wall of the canals and the posterior surface of the mastoid process was about 0.8±0.1cm.Conclusions:The mastoid canal,located at the junction of the middle and superior thirds of the posterior thirds of the mastoid process,was a important vessel tunnel in the mastoid part.The operating route in this area may be selected at the area behind the longitudinal line from the point,which was between the line joining the superior border of the external acoustic pore to the inferior border of the external occipital protuberance and the line extending upwards from the posterior border of the mastoid process.This area should be exposed within 0.8 cm in depth when fencestrating.
【CateGory Index】: R323.1,
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