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《CHINESE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ANATOMY》 1998-01
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Applied anatomy for reconstruction of femoral calcar by transposition of bone flap pedicled with the first or the second perforation artery

Liu Jingnan,Zhang FahuiDepartment of Anatomy,Fuzhou Higher Medical School of PLA,Fuzhou 350003Huang ChangminDepartment of Orthopedics,The 174th Hospital of PLA  
bjective:To provide anatomic basis for reconstruction of femoral calcar by transposition of bone flap pedicled with the first or the second perforating artery. Methods:The origin,course,branches distributions and periosteal branches of the first or the second perforating artery were observed on 30 sides of adult cadaveric lower limbs,which were perfused with red latex in artery.Results:The deep femoral artery gave off the first and the second perforating artery at the position 4.5±1.3 cm and 9.3±2.7 cm below the top of lesser trochanter with the external diameter of 2.8±0.7 mm and 2.4±0.6 mm respectively.And 1 to 3 muscleperiosteal branches with a diameter of above 1.0 mm were given off from the perforating artery and distributed to the up twothird periosteom of posterior femora.Conclusions:A bone flap pedicled with the first or the second perforating artery could be designed to transposed for reconstruction of femoral calcar or repairing the fracture of femoral neck.
【CateGory Index】: R323.72,
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