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Analysis of the morbidity of hypertension and self-management behaviors in residents of Shenzhen city

LIU Xiao-li;NI Wen-qing;ZHUO Zhi-peng;YUAN Xue-li;SONG Jin-ping;CHI Hong-shan;XU Jian;Department of Health and NCD Management, Shenzhen Center for Chronic Disease Control;  
Objective To investigate the morbidity of hypertension and self-management behaviors in residents of Shenzhen city and to provide the base for the prevention and control of hypertension. Methods The multi-phase stratified cluster sampling method was used to randomly select 2 059 residents(18 years old) on the basis of families. The investigation was performed with designed questionnaires and physical examinations. Results The morbidity and standardized morbidity were 19.04%(males:20.15% and females: 18.14%) and 17.57%. The morbidity increased significantly with age and body mass index(BMI)(P0.01).The proportion of patients with monitoring blood pressure each month was 56.12%, most of patients took medications according to doctor's advice and had diet control, 61.22% of patients took more than two kinds of controlling measures for blood pressure.Conclusion The hypertension morbidity in Shenzhen is lower than national level. The self-management behaviors of patients should be improved. Education of hypertension prevention and treatment should be strengthened in order to enhance the awareness of self health care and to develop good health behaviors.
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