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《Scientia Agricultura Sinica》 2006-01
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Analysis on Gene Effect of Four Characters of Immature Embryo Culture in Maize

SONG Yun1,3,XIA Yan-li1,4,WEI Xin1,2,ZHANG Zhi-ming1,2,ZHAO Mao-jun1,2,RONG Ting-zhao1,2,PAN Guang-tang1,2(1Maize Research Institute,Sichuan Agricultural University,Yaan 625014;2 Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Resources and Improvement,Ministry of Education,Sichuan Agricultural University,Yaan 625014;3College of Life Science,Shanxi Agricultural University,Taigu 030801;4Sichuan Institute of Chinese Material Medica,Chengdu 610041)  
【Objective】The research aim to pick out the hereditary variation regularity for the main characters of the maize immature embryo culture.【Method】Two kinds of inbred-line,R18-599(hong)with very excellent embryo culturing capacity and R15 with very bad embryo culturing capacity,were used as P1 and P2 for obtaining 6 generations.By culturing immature embryos of the six generations,four culturing characters,embryonic callus induction efficiency,non-embryonic callus induction efficiency,embryonic callus clone ability and number of regenerating plant,were analyzed with the general mean analysis and generation joint analysis【.Result】Results showed that the embryonic callus induction efficiency accorded with two major additive-domiance-epistatic genes plus polygene mixed additive-domiance-epistatic inheritance model.The non-embryonic callus induction efficiency accorded with two major additive-domiance-epistatic genes.The number of regenerating plant accorded with one major gene plus polygene mixed additive-dominance inheritance model.The embryo callus clone ability accorded with two major genes plus polygene mixed inheritance model while the epistatic gene effect on this character identified differently by the two methods.【Conclusion】By comparison of the results of the two methods,generation joint analysis may not only raise experimental precision,but also provide more genetic information.
【Fund】: 四川省生物技术攻关项目(01NG018-01);; 国家自然科学基金(30370889);; 教育部‘长江学者和创新团队发展计划’(IRT0453);; 国家科技攻关计划(2004BA525B04);; 山西农业大学科技创新基金项目(20040811)资助
【CateGory Index】: S513
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