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《Scientia Agricultura Sinica》 2013-06
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Respiratory Changes During Dormancy of Grape Buds

CONG Shen,WANG Hai-bo,WANG Xiao-di,WANG Bao-liang,ZHENG Xiao-cui,SHI Xiang-bin,LIU Wang-chun,LIU Feng-zhi(Fruit Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Horticultural Crops(Germplasm Resources Utilization),Ministry of Agriculture,Xingcheng 125100,Liaoning)  
【Objective】The relationship between respiration and dormancy release of grape bud was discussed for the purpose of laying a theoretical foundation for the artificial control technology of dormancy.【Method】Respiration inhibitors and oxygen electrode were used to investigate the respiratory changes during dormancy in grape buds(high chilling requirement grape V.vinifera-V.labrusca cv.Summer Black Seedless and low chilling requirement grape V.vinifera cv.Jingmi).【Result】Different chilling requirement grape cultivars had the similar respiration rate,pathway rate and change tendency.Respiration rate and pathway of low chilling requirement grape Jingmi changed notably about 20 days before high chilling requirement grape Summer Black Seedless,and rapider.The change range of Jingmi was lower than Summer Black Seedless.The variation in total respiratory rate showed single peak curves.EMP(embden-meyerhof-parnas pathway)-TCA(tricarboxylic acid cycle) increased during dormancy release.On level of electron transport,alternative pathway and residual pathway were activated during dormancy release.【Conclusion】Different chilling requirement grape cultivars had different sensitivities,low chilling requirement grape cultivars were more sensitive to low temperature.EMP-TCA was the key of dormancy release.Alternative pathway and residual pathway might be an important role in dormancy release.
【Fund】: 国家现代农业产业技术体系建设专项(nycytx-30-zp);; 中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(1610032012006)
【CateGory Index】: S662.1
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