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《Studies in Dialectics of Nature》 2016-01
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Theory Priority or Experiment Priority?——Comments on Hacking's New Experimentalism Thoughts

CHEN Xiang-qun;MA Lei;School of Humanities, Southeast University;  
Ian Hacking, who is the founder of the new experimentalism, proposes the proposition of "experiment has a life of its own". He thinks that experiment is prior to theory, because it can intervene and create phenomena, and the laboratory science can defense itself. Hacking highly praises such experimental thought which transfers people 's philosophical view of the traditional "theory priority" to "experiment priority". Thus, he points out a new direction for the development of philosophy of science. According to the theory of coordination, it is beneficial that the new experimentalism of Hacking attempts to study philosophy of science from the window of "experiment", but it can not prove the "experiment priority", or cannot disprove"theory priority". The theory of coordination does not support "theory priority", but opposes "experiment priority." Based on the critics on "experiment priority" in Hacking's new experimentalism, the theory of coordination claims that theory and experiment, which may be equivalent in a deeper sense, are both the research window for epistemology.
【Fund】: 国家社科基金项目“科学问题的评价指标研究”(11BZX031);; 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(3213005401)
【CateGory Index】: N02
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