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Problems and optimum control strategy of lake water resources in China

ZHANG Zhen ke1,2 , WANG Su min2, WU Rui jin2 , JIANG Jia hu2(1 Department of Urban and Resources Science of Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China; 2 Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology,CAS,Nanjing 210008,China)  
Water resources of lakes in China play an important role in economic and social sustainable development The implementation of optimum control strategy is an essential way for the sustainable utilization of water resources in the catchment of lakes Water resources shortage,pollution and related problems such as flood hazards,changes of lake eco systems during the utilization process in China have been generally summarized in this paper It points out that the thought on optimum control of lake resources is a comprehensive control on the aspect of eco systems in lake catchment Measures of optimum control strategy for water resources of lakes in China include the following aspects: implementing catchment management of lake water resources,establishing economical type of national economy,increasing investment on science and technology for the implementation of environmental renovation suitable to local lake conditions, controlling pollution in lake catchment through whole processes and at all aspects,and implementing environmental education in lake catchment
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