Full-Text Search:
Home|Journal Papers|About CNKI|User Service|FAQ|Contact Us|中文
《Resources Science》 2010-03
Add to Favorite Get Latest Update

Simulation of Seawater Desalination by the Method of Spray Freezing

HUANG Yiping1,2,3,LI Pingli1,2,3,XIE Lixin1,2,3,WANG Shichang1,2,3 (1. Chemical Engineering Research Center, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China; 3. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Membrane Science and Desalination Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China)  
The contradiction between supply and demand for freshwater resources is very acute in the context of rapid economic and social developments in China, particularly in the Bohai Sea regions. This has significantly hampered industrial and agricultural productions and development. However, the Bohai Sea has a large quantity of sea ice with extremely lower salinity compared with that of sea water due to lower temperatures in winter. To this end, the region may have the potential to provide a wealth of production and freshwater for domestic use if further desalination will be done. The study presented here is a critical component of the national high-tech research development plan (863 plan) funded projects. Developing a new sea ice desalination technology would be a promising way to adequately utilize sea water resources. In the original process of sea-ice formation, a large quantity of brine were wrapped in the sea ice because strong cold air heat exchange occurred rapidly. This resulted in salt water channel blocking death and forming so-called 'salt cell'. In the present work, the authors analyzed the formation of sea ice through the simulation of atomized frozen desalination technology, with the objective to address the problem of freshwater resources shortage over the Bohai Sea region. Results of the simulation would guide site planning. Under the influence of cold air, the seawater of atomized spray was freezing partially during the spray operation. Most salinity was contained in the seawater which was released as runoff. Then a variety of factors affecting the experimental procedures were examined in detail. The experimental results showed that the salinity of seawater reduced to 16‰ of sea water from 25.5‰ after the desalination method performed, the rejection of salinity was 37.2%, and the yield of product was 20%. Laboratory simulation of some experimental results can be used as corresponding control conditions to guide field tests planning and the test for on-site basis for the future work. Compared to natural processes of the formation of sea ice, the spray freezing desalination process is fast and effective, greatly saving processing time. However, rapid freezing processes concentrated in sea water cannot be dropped out timely from salt cell. Thick sea ice salinity was obtained mostly on the range of 1.40% to 2.00%. Compared with the natural formation of sea ice of the salinity on the range of 0.30% to 0.80% in the Bohai Bay, there exists a certain gap. Further research on the desalination of sea ice are required in the future.
【Fund】: 国家863计划重点项目课题(编号:2006AA100206);; 863计划专项(编号:2004AA2402);; 国家科技支撑计划重大项目课题(编号:2006BAB03A03);; 国家自然科学基金项目(编号:40335048 40801230)
【CateGory Index】: P747.2
Download(CAJ format) Download(PDF format)
CAJViewer7.0 supports all the CNKI file formats; AdobeReader only supports the PDF format.
【References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 1 Hits
1 CaiYueyuan,FeiXuening,Yuan Hongying,Jiang Yuanguang,Su Runxi(Tianjin Institute of Urban Construction,Tianjin 300384,China);Research Progress of Strong Brine Treatment Technologies[J];环境科学与管理;2013-04
【Citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 2 Hits
1 Li Pingli, Ma Jia, Xie Lixin, Wang Shichang (Chemical Engineering Research Center,School of Chemical Engineering and Technology,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072);Recent Progress of Seawater Desalination by Freezing[J];化工进展;2005-07
2 Project Group of “Strategic Research on Sustainable Development of Water Resource in China in 21st Century”,Chinese Academy of Engineering (Chinese Academy of Engineering,Beijing 100038,China);Strategic Research on Sustainable Development of Water Resource in China[J];中国工程科学;2000-08
【Co-citations】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 LI Yun-guang;WANG Zhen-hua;ZHANG Jin-zhu;LI Wen-hao;College of Water & Architectural Engineering, Shihezi University;Corps Key Laboratory of Modern Water-saving Irrigation, Shihezi University;;Effects of Liquid Film Mulching on Soil Temperature, Moisture and the Growth of Cotton Under Drip Irrigation[J];土壤;2015-06
2 Chen Huadong;Li Hu;;Integrated Measurement and Control Device for Small and Medium-sized Sluice and Pump Based on Wireless Network[J];智慧工厂;2015-11
3 LIU Gang;State KeyL aboratory of Hydrology Water Resource and Hydraulic Engineering,Hohai University;;Research into Implementation Difficulties in the Process of the Strictest Water Resources Management Based on Internet Information[J];河海大学学报(哲学社会科学版);2015-04
4 Zhang Rusheng;Sun Biao;Sun Rong;Inner Mongolia Technical College of Mechanics & Electrics;Inner Mongolia Agricultural University;Inner Mongolia Liaohe Engineering Department Limited Incorporation;;EFFECT ANALYSIS OF DISCHARGED MINING WATER FOR BASIN WATER ENVIRONMENT[J];环境工程;2015-08
5 Jia Tiegang;Dalian Vocational and Technical College;;The Design of the Sewage Collection Box Family[J];山东化工;2015-12
6 HU Hongying;SHI Lei;XU Chunhua;LI Fengmin;Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control State Key Joint Laboratory and State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Microorganism Application and Risk Control ( SMARC),School of Environment,Tsinghua University;College of Environmental Science and Engineering,Shandong University;College of Environmental Science and Engineering,Ocean University of China;;Water Meta-Cycle for Regional Water Sustainable Management: Concept,System Structure and Advantages[J];环境科学研究;2015-06
7 Ren Yihua;Feng Yanguang;Chen Jianming;Jiang Han;Ge Shunfeng;Wei Shaochong;Jiang Yuanmao;College of Horticulture Science and Engineering,Shandong Agricultural University/State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology;;Influence of Water-Nitrogen Coupling on Growth and ~(15)N Absorption and Utilization of Apple Saplings[J];山东农业科学;2015-05
8 TIAN Kun;XU Wendong;LIANG Jiayun;LI Junli;XIONG Fanfan;;Technical Study and Engineering Design of LNG Cold Energy Used for Seawater Desalination[J];煤气与热力;2015-03
9 LI Ke-bai;China Institute for Manufacture Developing,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology;School of Economics and Management,Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology;;Dynamic Optimization and Simulation of Urban Domestic Water Based on Logistic and C-D Function[J];上海交通大学学报;2015-02
10 GAO Peng-hui;ZHANG Dong-hai;ZHOU Xing-ye;HENG Wen-jia;ZHOU Guo-qing;School of Architecture and Civil Engineering,China University of Mining and Technology;State Key Laboratory for GeoMechanics and Deep Underground Engineering,China University of Mining and Technology;;Study on characteristics of evaporation-freezing desalination driven by humidity difference[J];热科学与技术;2015-01
【Co-references】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 10 Hits
1 Zhang Qian1,Shi Qiang2,Ruan Guoling1,Chu Xizhang1 (1.The Institute of Seawater Desalination and Multipurpose Utilization,SOA(Tianjin),Tianjin 300192,China; 2.Key Laboratory of Eco-chemical Engineering,Ministry of Education,College of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering,Qingdao University of Science and Technology,Qingdao 266042,China);Advance in the key techniques of forward osmosis water treatment[J];工业水处理;2012-05
2 WANG Yi-ming,YANG Gui-sheng,LI Xi-chen(China United Engineering Corporation,Hangzhou 310022,China);Basic Principles of Forward Osmosis and its Engineering Application[J];化工技术与开发;2012-04
3 Wang Qi,Zheng Genjiang,Tan Yongwen(Hangzhou province water treatment technology Development center,hangzhou,310012);THE OPERATION STATUS OF DESALINATION PROJECT OF CHINA[J];水处理技术;2011-10
4 HOU Jing-wei,CHENG Huai-gang,WU Lian-ying,GAO Cong-jie(College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266100,Shandong Province,China);Seawater desalination based on low temperature distillation and spray evaporation[J];化学工程;2010-08
5 LI Gang 1,LI Xuemei 1,WANG Duo 2,HE Tao 1,GAO Congjie2 (1 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Nanjing University of Technology,Key Lab of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering,Nanjing 210009,Jiangsu,China; 2 College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering,Ocean University of China,Qingdao 266003,Shandong,China);Forward osmosis membranes and applications[J];化工进展;2010-08
6 Li Dongliang1,2,3,Long Zhen1,2,3,Liang Deqing1,2 (1.Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion,Key Laboratory of Renewable Energy and Gas Hydrate,CAS,Guangzhou 510640,China; 2.Guangzhou Center for Gas Hydrate Research,CAS,Guangzhou 510640,China; 3.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China);PRELIMINARY STUDY OF SEAWATER DESALINATION USING GAS HYDRATE TECHNOLOGY[J];水处理技术;2010-06
7 HUANG Yiping1,2,3,LI Pingli1,2,3,XIE Lixin1,2,3,WANG Shichang1,2,3 (1. Chemical Engineering Research Center, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China; 2. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China; 3. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Membrane Science and Desalination Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China);Simulation of Seawater Desalination by the Method of Spray Freezing[J];资源科学;2010-03
8 SUN Jian1,2,LI Wei3,WANG Hong-li3,TAO Jian-hua1(1.School of Mechanical Engineering,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China;2.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Modern Engineering Mechanics,Tianjin 300072,China;3.North China Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute,Tianjin 300074,China);Numerical Simulation of Transport and Diffusion of Brine Discharged from Desalination Plant[J];中国给水排水;2010-03
9 Li Pingli1,2,3,Wang Dong1,2,3,Huang Yiping1,2,3,Xie Lixin1,2,3,Wang Shichang1,2,3 (1.Chemical Engineering Research Center,School of Chemical Engineering and Technology,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China; 2.State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China; 3.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Membrane Science and Desalination Technology,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China);DESALINATION OF SEAWATER BY THE METHOD OF SPRAY FREEZING[J];水处理技术;2009-11
10 CHEN Li,SHEN Jiang-nan,Ruan Hui-min(College of Chemical Engineering and Materials of Zhejiang University of Technology,Hangzhou310014,China);Concentration of Reverse Osmosis Concentrated Water by Vacuum Membrane Distillation[J];过滤与分离;2009-03
【Secondary References】
Chinese Journal Full-text Database 4 Hits
1 Ma Xuehu;Hao Tingting;Lan Zhong;Zheng Yi;Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Clean Utilization of Chemical Resources, Institute of Chemical Engineering,Dalian University of Technology;;ADVANCES IN ZERO LIQUID DISCHARGE TECHNOLOGIES FOR BRINES[J];水处理技术;2015-10
2 ZHANG Hui;Beris;;Overview of Strong Brine Treatment Technologies[J];内蒙古石油化工;2015-18
3 WU Xiu-zhang;China Shenhua Coal to Liquid and Chemical Co. ,Ltd.;;Exploration and practice of zero wastewater discharge for modern coal-to-liquid and chemical Industry[J];现代化工;2015-04
4 WANG Tao;WANG Liang;ZHANG Ya-nan;HUANG Xi-ping;Institute of Seawater Desalination and Multipurpose Utilization,SOA;Tianjin University of Science & Technology Key Laboratory of Industrial Fermentation Microbiology & Tianjin Key Lab of Industrial Microbiology,Ministry of Education;;Study on the Influence of Concentrated Seawater after Desalination on Saltern Production[J];盐业与化工;2014-11
©2006 Tsinghua Tongfang Knowledge Network Technology Co., Ltd.(Beijing)(TTKN) All rights reserved