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《Resources Science》 2010-03
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A Comparative Study on Technology Spillover Effects of Energy Industries in Western China:Empirical Tests of the 'Resource Curse' Theory Based on the Jaffe Method

HU Jian1,2,JIAO Bing1 (1.Xi'an University of Finance And Economics, Xi'an 710062,China; 2.School of Economics & Management Northwest University, Xi'an 710065,China)  
Western China is not only a resource-rich region, but also an economically underdeveloped area. In the present work, the authors performed a comparative analysis on the technology spillover effect of the energy industry of coal, oil and gas industries over the western regions of China. Primary findings are given as follows. First, the oil and gas industry as well as the coal industry of China's western regions showed a positive technology spillover effect on manufacturing industry, but the oil and gas industry technology spillover effect exhibited five times as the coal industry. Second, the technology spillover effects on the total factor productivity of the manufacturing industry were found to be varied with different types of industries, showing a positive effect on the oil and gas industry and a negative effect on the coal industry. Third, prosperity of the energy industry can inevitably result in a crowding-out effect on capital, labor and technology inputs of the manufacturing industry, but the energy industry will also generate technology spillover effects which can improve the total factor productivity of the manufacturing industry. As long as the positive spillover effect is more than the negative crowd-out effect, the 'resource curse' trap of the energy-rich region can be avoided. If we want to reverse the reciprocal relationship between energy development and economic development in the western regions of China, effective measures and actions need to be taken to give full play to the energy industry and technology spillover effects. First of all, the government should emancipate energy industries in the resource-rich western region, actively support the development of downstream processing industries and effectively improve the energy industry production chain. Second, we must speed up the construction of the Regional Innovation Platform in energy industries in resource-rich western regions. Third, scientific research should be strengthened for China's large-scale and resource-based enterprises in the western regions, and a particular attention should be paid to setting up its technical RD center in the western regions. Only improving the energy industry chain and constructing the regional innovation system in the western regions can we adequately utilize the technology spillover effect of the energy industry and enhance the absorptive capacity of manufacturing technology.
【Fund】: 国家社会科学“基于油气资源禀赋的产业集聚、技术溢出与区域创新能力提升的关联研究”(编号:08BJL038)
【CateGory Index】: F224;F426.2
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