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《Resources Science》 2010-03
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Evaluation of Eco-Compensation for Impaired Vegetation in Shenfu Coal Resource Exploration Areas Based on the HEA Method

ZHANG Sifen,QUAN Xi,TANG Yuanzhi (School of Public Policy and Administration, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, 710049, China)  
Ecological assessment for impaired vegetation in coal mining areas and quantification of the impairment compensation play a prominent role in implementing ecological compensation. In this paper, the authors modified and optimized certain parameters in the HEA method and relevant models based on characteristics of China's coal mining areas with the objective to quantify vegetation impairment and ecological compensation for Shenfu coal mining areas in Yulin County. In particular, the authors selected the factors of instantaneousness and slowness to improve the estimation. Moreover, the mean of the impairment quantity of ecological service functions and the compensation amount were introduced both at the beginning and the end of the study period. Furthermore, several related factors were also considered, such as the factors influencing the extent of the impaired vegetation and the factors affecting restoration degree as well as the factors affecting population growth rate. In the light of 'the 2007 Table of indicators of ecological systems service functions in China' and the HEA models, compensation quantity and compensation scale of vegetation in coal mining areas were estimated. Losses in value of ecosystem services for grassland, compensation quantity and compensation scale were also calculated. The results indicated that in Shenfu coal mining areas the function value in the field of grassland ecosystem services was progressively decreasing whereas the nominal amount of the compensation for impaired vegetation was increasing year by year during the period 2004-2008. It was suggested that conversion of desert into forestland could be an effective way to achieve the goal of rehabilitating ecological service functions for impaired vegetation. Meanwhile, conversion of farmland into grassland, desert into grassland and farmland into woodland could also be adopted as complementary measures for ecological compensation in the coal mining areas. The study also indicated that it is operational and effective to use the HEA model in ecological assessment for impaired vegetation in coal mining areas.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目:“榆林煤炭开采区生态风险评价与生态补偿对策研究”(编号:D0110-40771083);; 陕西省社会科学基金项目:“陕西省煤炭开采区生态补偿机制研究”(编号:08E001)
【CateGory Index】: X171.4
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