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《Resources Science》 2010-10
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A Study on Mechanisms of the Interactions between Land Use Change and Tourism Development:A Case of Yangshuo County, Guangxi

CHEN Zhigang1,2 (1. School of Tourism Management, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China; 2. School of Tourism and Environment, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China)  
Numerous studies have focused on effects of land use change introduced by urbanization, industrialization and transportation system development and relevant feedback mechanisms, issues concerning impacts of land use change on tourism development have received less attentions. In particular, fewer studies made an attempt to analyze mechanisms of the interactions between dynamic land use change and tourism development process, which is the primary objective of the study. The author performed a systematic study on land use change in Yangshuo Country, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region based on analysis of remotely sensed images acquired in years 1993, 1999 and 2005. Measurement indicators regarding land sue change, such as relative land use changing rate, comprehensive land use dynamic degree, space overlay analysis and the spatial autocorrelation analysis were taken to make an attempt to comprehensively describe the spatial and temporal patterns of the land use change. Mechanisms of the interactions between land use change and tourism development were examined in detail. Results indicate that 1) amongst all land use types, the urban construction land has undergone the most dramatic change since 1993; 2) measurements of the Moran and Geary coefficients of the construction land in Yangshuo Country showed a transition from compactness to dispersion states in the spatial configuration, which was coincident with the outward development trend of the county; 3) the rapid development of tourism industry required more land for tourism infrastructure, which resulted in transitions from forest land and agriculture land to construction land; and 4) different stages were distinct in the whole land use change process, with showing an inflection point in year 1999. This means that prior to 1999, the development was characterized by urban sprawl under a noninterventionist traditional economy; after 1999 it has been characterized by an enclave-type of expansion propelled by the tourism industry. It is noticed that the land used for tourism industry has been increasing at the expense of agricultural land and forest land. It is therefore essential to establish an index system for the classification of tourism land uses, which can then serve as a foundation for assessing the tourism impacts on land use change. This is an issue that calls for further studies.
【Fund】: 国家旅游局基金项目(编号:09TABG016);; 国家自然科学基金项目(项目编号:41001075)
【CateGory Index】: F301.24
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