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《Resources Science》 2010-11
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A Study on the Theory of Exhaustible Resource Value and Its Use in Evaluating the Value of Energy in Northern Shaanxi

FENG Zongxian 1 ,JIANG Xin 2 ,WANG Qing 2 (1.School of Economy and Finance Institute,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710061,China;2 .Jinhe Center for Economic Research,Xi'an Jiaotong University,Xi'an 710049,China)  
Since the late 1990s,Northern Shaanxi has become one of the most critical production areas of energy resources in China.Its rich endowment of coal,oil,and natural gas contributes greatly to the growth of economy for industrialized eastern and coastal regions of China.Benefits enjoyed by local people were,however,significantly limited,which was far less than the loss of resource value in this region.The authors made an attempt to prove such a hypothesis based on the theory of exhaustible resource value as well as investigation of historical statistics.We first put forward the dynamic efficiency standard and intertemporal equality standard for intertemporal allocation of exhaustible resources.On the basis of the dynamic efficiency standard,we explained the theory of exhaustible resource value composition through a dynamic optimization model,which demonstrated that the price of exhaustible resources is comprised of three elements:marginal direct cost,marginal environmental cost,and marginal user cost.Amongst them,the marginal user cost represents the value of resource itself.The authors discussed how to compensate different types of cost incurred in the process of exploitation.In this regard,we could learn the experience of managing resource rent from developed countries.Subsequently,a statistical analysis was performed.The principle of the user cost method(the main idea of this method is just the intertemporal equality standard)was introduced and made use of to evaluate the user cost incurred by exploiting coal,oil,and natural gas resources in Northern Shaanxi during the period from 2001-2006.Comparing the results to local resource tax revenue in the corresponding years,it was drawn that under current levels of price and tax,the loss of energy resource value in Northern Shaanxi was far from being compensated sufficiently.This would be detrimental to the sustainable development of this region.In order to improve the situation,it is suggested that the government collect more rent through elevating the tax rate of exploiting natural resources,especially those with high rent,or enlarging transfer payment from the central government to poor and lagged resource production areas,such as Northern Shaanxi,or levying sustainable development funds or other types of funds associated with resource exploitation.The revenue can thus be utilized to adjust and improve the industrial structure,implement diversification strategies,be invested in human resource accumulation,or dispense social bonus to residents across this region.
【Fund】: 教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目:“开放条件下西北地区环境治理与经济社会发展的理论与方略研究”(编号:03JAZJD790007);; 西安交通大学“985工程”二期(编号:07200701)
【CateGory Index】: F062.1
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