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《Resources Science》 2014-01
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Landscape Indices of Land Damage and Land Reclamation in an Opencast Coal Mine

ZHANG Liping;ZHANG Shiwen;YE Huichun;HUANG Yuanfang;College of Resources and Environment,China Agricultural University;Key Laboratory of Arable Land Conservation(North China),Ministry of Agriculture;Key Laboratory of Agricultural Land Quality, Monitoring and Control,Ministry of Land and Resources;College of Earth and Environment, Anhui University of Science and Technology;  
The rapid exploitation of opencast coal causes land damage and landscape pattern changes in mining areas. The conservation of landscape ecology should be considered during land reclamation planning and implementation. Landscape indices, which quantitatively describe landscape pattern changes, depend on scale and overlap. Therefore, it is important to identify the proper grain and select representative landscape indices to utilize during the mining process. Here, we examine the Wei Jiamao opencast coal mine located in a farming-pastoral transitional zone with low ecological vulnerability in northern China. We used landscape ecology theory and statistical methods to analyze grain effects across 13 landscape indices during three mining stages(before exploitation, after exploitation and after reclamation). Representative landscape indices were selected to reflect landscape pattern changes at different stages. We found that except for the largest patch index, the 12 landscape indices exhibit a strong particle size effect. Grain extents from 10~15m are relatively proper. These data imply that the representative landscape indices reflecting landscape changes after destruction are Shannon's diversity index, landscape shape index, area-weighted average fractal dimension index, and the mean euclidean nearest neighbor distance distribution. Landscape indices reflecting changes in landscape patterns after reclamation are Shannon's diversity index, landscape shape index, area-weighted average fractal dimension index, and the contagion index. These results demonstrate the multi-stage and multi-modal landscape patterns and will guide the implementation of land reclamation planning and conservation of landscape ecology in opencast coal mines.
【Fund】: 国土资源部公益性行业科研专项(编号:201011006-3)
【CateGory Index】: TD88
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