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《Resources Science》 2014-01
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20 Years of Rural Tourism

LU Xiaoli;CHENG Yuhang;WANG Liwei;School of Management,Dalian University of Technology;  
Rural regions are a diminishing global resource and provide an increasingly important environment for tourism. A special edition of Journal of Sustainable Tourism, the first publication to address issues related to tourism in rural areas, was the first attempt to construct a theoretical framework for the study of rural tourism development. During the 20 years since publication of that special issue, increasing attention has been paid to rural tourism development within the tourism literature. Here, we analyze the development status, research aspect and focus topics and forecast research trends by reviewing the literature of the last 20 years. Five research topics(influence factors, stakeholders, drive mechanism, space structure and enterprise management) are emphasized to identify common themes and illustrate rural tourism roles within the wider development agenda. We found that rural tourism research has followed core themes of tourism research, and the particular characteristics of rural areas have been ignored. A number of common themes such as influential factors of rural tourism development, stakeholders and enterprise management common in international research are different in Chinese papers which emphasize drive mechanisms and space structures. Certain mathematic methods are absent from the Chinese literature and this has resulted in some rural tourism research lacking reliability. We conclude that while rural tourism is now better developed than it was 20 years ago, further improvements can be made in applying quantitative research methods and analyzing new themes and the particular characteristics of rural tourism areas.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目:“环城游憩带乡村旅游发展的影响因素及其驱动机制研究”(编号:41201174);; 教育部人文社科项目:“乡村旅游发展的影响因素及其驱动机制研究”(编号:12YJC790131);; 大连市社科联重点课题:“旅游产业融合驱动城市化发展研究”(编号:dlskzd 201322)
【CateGory Index】: F592;F320
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