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《Resource Development & Market》 2018-01
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Study on Spatial Structure of Urban Tourist Market from Perspective of Big Data——A Case Study of Nanjing City

WANG Xi-ya;ZHANG Jian-xin;LIU Pei-xue;WANG Xia;DING Lei;School of Geography and Oceanographic Sciences,Nanjing University;School of Business Administration,Nanjing University of Finances and Economics;  
The leisure time was an important factor influencing the residents' travel. This paper took Nanjing as an example,and chose the tourists,travelling to Nanjing during the working days,weekends,three-day small holiday or National Day in 2016 as the research object.To analyze the influence of leisure time on the spatial structure of tourists in thirty-three scenic spots in Nanjing,this paper utilized analytical methods,including SCI( spatial concentration index) of tourist origins,AR( attracting radius),Gini Coefficient,First Degree,Distance Decay,SPSS Multiple Regression Analysis. The results showed that:(1)The residents' travelling behavior of our country was affected by the leisure time. The longer leisure time was,the bigger the AR was. However,SCI of tourist origins,the Gini Coefficient and the first degree decreased as the length of leisure time increase.(2)The current residents travel behavior depended more on leisure time,the residents would travel,with the rapid development of traffic and economy,population,distance,per capita GDP,influence on residents travel was a step down.(3)The longer leisure time,the smaller spatial damping coefficient was. β_(national day)≈1/3β_(working days),which meant spatial damping coefficient of Nanjing in National Day was one third of that in working days. During the different periods,the spatial attraction value showed different spatial levels and dynamic changes. On working days or weekends,people preferred to choose a close city as the destination for travel. However,it was common for people to choose a middle distance area as the destination for travel on three-day small holiday. During the National Day,the tourism value of space attraction showed an explosive growth,and a state of"all the people travel"emerged.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金项目“旅游对贫困人口扶贫效应的时空分异及成因机制研究——以桂、川、滇集中连片特困区为例”(编号:41371149);; 国家旅游局青年专家培养计划课题“贫困区经济弱势群体的旅游扶贫效应研究”(编号:TYEPT201422)
【CateGory Index】: F592.7
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