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《Acta Phytotaxonomica Sinica》 2001-01
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Karyotypes of eight species of the genus Aspidistra from China

WANG Ren Xiang * 2LI Guang Zhao 3LANG Kai Yong 2WEI Yi Gang 1 (Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004)2 (Guangxi Institute of Botany, Guilin 541006) 3 (Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100093)  
This paper reports the chromosome number and morphology of 8 species of the genus Aspidistra from China. The chromosome number of six species is reported for the first time.The results are as follows: 2n=2x=36=18m+2sm(2sat)+16st for A. ebianensis ; 2n=2x=36=14m+6sm(2sat)+16st for A. yingjiangensis ; 2n=2x=36=20m(2sat)+14st+2t for A. hainanensis ; 2n=2x=36=16m+4sm(2sat)+16st for A. saxicola ; 2n=2x=36=18m+2sm(2sat)+16st for A. muricata ; 2n=2x=38=22m+4sm(2sat)+12st for A. marginella ; 2n=4x=76=48m(4sat)+2sm+26st for A. xilinensis ; 2n=4x=76=46m(4sat)+12sm+18st for A. cruciformis . All the karyotypes are bimodal and belong to Stebbins' 2C type. A. cruciformis and A. xilinensis are the only two tetraploid species found in Aspidistra up to date. Based on our results and those previously reported,we consider that the karyotypes of the genus Aspidistra might have evolved towards the increase of symmetry by the increase of median_centromeric chromosomes in the chromosome complement and the basic chromosome number x=18 might be primitive, while x=19 derived.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金!( 39660 0 0 6);; 广西自然科学基金
【CateGory Index】: Q949.7
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