The discovery of triploid Lycoris sprengeri Comes ex Baker from Anhui, China
1 ZHANG Ding Cheng 2 SUN Ye Gen 1 ZHENG Yan 1 SHAO Jian Zhang 1 (Department of Biology,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241000) 2 (Department of Geography,Anhui Normal University,Wuhu 241000)
Lycoris sprengeri Comes ex Baker is endemic to China. Reported in the present paper are the chromosomes number and karyotypes for two wild populations of the species from Anhui. (1)Caishi population has a karyotype 2n=33=9st+21t+3T. The length of chromosomes ranges from 5.58～9.15 μm. The karyotype belongs to Stebbin's(1971)“4A”. (2)Longyashan populations have two karyotypes. The karyotype formula of the type Ⅰ is 2n=22=8st+14t, with chromosomes ranging from 6.88～9.15 μm. The karyotype belongs to “4A”. The karyotype formula of the type Ⅱ is 2n=22=1m+1sm+14st+6t, with chromosomes ranging from 7.20～15.80 μm. The karyotype belongs to “3B”. The triploid type of L. sprengeri was discovered in Anhui for the first time. The karyotype 2n=22=1m+1sm+14st+6t in diploid type of this species is here reported for the first time. The Robertsonian change plays a key role in karyotype evolution of Lycoris.