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A comparative study on pollen exine ultrastructure of Nothofagus and the other genera of Fagaceae

ZHENG Zhong Hua WANG Ping Li PU Fa Ding (Chengdu Institute of Biology,the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041)  
The genus Nothofagus is mainly distributed in South America and New Zealand. The present paper describes its pollen exine ultrastructure and compares the exine ultrastructure with that of the other genera of Fagaceae.The pollen grains were examined using ultrathin sectioning technique under transmission electron microscope. The study shows that the pollen exine ultrastructure of Nothofagus differs from that of the other genera of Fagaceae by its exine structure and thickness,type of aperture,and ornamentation. The pollen exine of Nothofagus is thin and possesses granular bacules, regular foot layer and tectum,spinulate ornamentation,and the endexine is usually visible at poral area, and 5~8 colpate. The pollen exine of the other genera of Fagaceae possesses entire bacules, irregular foot layer and tectum,granulate and tuberculate ornamentation,thicker endexine,and is 3 colporate (3 colpate or 3 colporoidate). The pollen exine ultrastructure of Nothofagus may belong to primitive type. The pollen exine ultrastructure data support Kuprianova′s opinion that Nothofagus should be separated from Fagaceae and established as a monogenetic family, i.e. Nothofagaceae.
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