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Effect of outpatient nutritional intervention on blood glucose of gestational diabetes mellitus

Zhang Min;Qu Meidi;Gu Hongliu;Sha Qi;Jiang Xiaohong;Department of Clinical Nutrition,The Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University;  
Objective:Contrast the effects of two different outpatient nutrition intervention plans on the blood glucose of patients with gestational diabetes.Methods:Eighty pregnant women diagnosed with GDM were randomly selected as the research objects and put into the treatment group and the control group,the treatment group received dietary guidance as a foundation as well as sports therapy,the control group only received dietary interventions,then a dietary survey was given to both two groups to analyze the diet composition of the patients,utilizing different individualized diet intervention,every week taken a phone interview to monitor the progress of the patients,one month later,the FPG,2hPG,and HbAlc's change in value,along with the results from the pre-consultation will be compared.Results:1)The p re-consultation diet composition of the two groups of GDM patients was unreasonable,after the intervention,the intake of dairy products,beans,fish,whole grains,and vegetables significantly increased,cholesterol,meat,flour and rice intake significantly decreased,P 0.05.2)The FPG,2hPG,HbAlc levels of GDM patients with individualized interventions,all pregnant women,had dropped compared with pre-consultation levels,the difference had statistical significance(P 0.05),the difference in blood sugar levels of the two groups also has statistical significance(P 0.05).Conclusion:The two outpatient nutrition interventions are effective in affecting the diet composition of the GDM,lower the blood serum,FPG,2hPG,HbAlc levels,dietary guidance combines with physical therapy is significantly more effective.
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