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《ACTA BOTANICA SINICA》 1999-01
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Anatomical Observation on Differentiation and Granulation Processes of Juice Sacs in Citrus grandis

ZHANG Zhen-Jue; XIE Zhi-Nan; XU Wen-BaO(Fujian Institute of Subtropical Botany, Xiamen 361006)  
in Citrus grandis (L. ) Osbeck, cells in the inner epidermis and subepidermal layers of carpels divided and formed the primoldium of the juice sac which grew into columnar structure. There were meristem-likecell clusters at the apex and meristem-like cell columns at the centre of the columnar structure. These cellswere polygonal, each with a big nucleus surrounded by dense cytoplasm. The meristem-like cell column,which was absent in the stalk, ran longitudinaly through the centre of the columnar structure. It differentiatednear the stalk 7 weeks after anthesis. Two and a hall months after anthesis, miniature of juice sac was formed.Juice sac consisted of 4 zones, viz, epidermis, subepidermal cell zone, elongated cell zone and juice cellzone. The granulation process of juice sac included four stages. 1. The stage of healthy juice sac: At thisstage the juice sac was fulfilled with juice and the sac appeared transparent. The subepidermal cells were collenchymatous with thichened corners. Death of protoplasts occurred in individual parenchyma cells. 2. Stage Ofgelatination. The juice sac was transparent and filled with gelatinous juice. The collenchyma cell wall of thesubepidermal cell were completely thickened. Some cell walls in some juice sacs were lignified. 3. Stage ofgranulation. A portion of , if not the whole, juice sac is milky white. Walls of more cells in four zones arethickened and lignified. The walls of more cells in the four zones were thickened and lignified. 4. Late granu- lation stage: The juice sac was yellowish white in color, partly hardened and partly atrophied giving the sac inan irrgular contour. Most cells of the hardened portion were lignified and most cells of the atrophied portionwere dead and became oppressed. Eventually, healthy juice sac reduced, starch in the juice sac reduced andoil drops increased with the prolongation of stoop time of fruits.
【CateGory Index】: Q944
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