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《植物学报(英文版)》 2002-09
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Fifty Years of Botanical Gardens in China

HE Shan_An (Nanjing Botanical Garden Mem. Sun Yat_Sen, Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China)  
The development, distribution and features of one hundred and forty botanical gardens (BGs) in China are reported and their functions on research, conservation, display and utilization of biodiversity are summarized in this paper. The contributions to the social and economic development in the early stage of Chinese BGs with the researches of economic plant (tobacco), medicinal plant (yam) and wild fruit tree resources are evaluated. The theoretical and applied achievements in recent years in seed science, plant conservation, economic plant introduction, acclimatization and breeding are also described. A general scope of living plant collections in Chinese BGs is presented and the outstanding ones, including Magnoliaceae, Zingiberaceae, Cycadaceae, medicinal plants, Actinidia and Rhododendron are particularly mentioned. With special reference to Chinese penjing art garden and silicified wood garden, the development of scientific popularization and tourism in BGs is reviewed.
【CateGory Index】: Q94-339
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