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《植物学报(英文版)》 2003-09
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Phosphorus Starvation-induced Expression of Leaf Acid Phosphatase Isoforms in Soybean

TIAN Jiang, LIAO Hong, WANG Xiu-Rong, YAN Xiao-Long*(Laboratory of Plant Nutritional Genetics and Root Biology Center, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China)  
Leaf acid phosphatase (APase) activities of 274 soybean genotypes were surveyed under fieldconditions with two levels of P supplies, and a nutrient solution culture experiment with eight selectedgenotypes was subsequently conducted under greenhouse conditions to further characterize APase ac-tivity and its isoform expression induced by P starvation. Results from the field experiment showed thatthere was a great genotypic variation for leaf APase activity among the tested soybean genotypes fromdifferent origins, and APase activity in many of the tested genotypes (about 60%) was generally increasedin the treatment without P fertilizer addition. Results from the nutrient solution culture experimentshowed that APase activity in all the eight tested genotypes was generally enhanced by P starvation. Sixisoforms of APases were detected in isoelectric focusing gels with samples from both young and oldleaves. The activity of all the six isoforms was increased by P starvation, but no new APase isoform wasinduced. Our results suggest that leaf APase activity could serve as an enzymatic indicator of P starvationfor soybean; the increase in leaf APase activity under low P stress was mainly caused by the increase inthe activity of existing isoforms but not by the induction of new isoforms.
【Fund】: 国家自然科学基金(30070441;30230220);; 麦氏基金作物合作研究项目。~~
【CateGory Index】: S565.1
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