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CURRENT SITUATION AND PROSPECT OF Tenomodulin IN TENDON TISSUE ENGINEERING

GUAN Cewen,LEI Xing,SONG Yang,QU Yanlong.Department of Orthopedics,the 1st Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University,Harbin Heilongjiang,150001,P.R.China.  
Objective To review the latest researches of Tenomodulin in tendon tissue engineering,to predict the progress of research and application of Tenomodulin.Methods The literature concerning Tenomodulin in tendon tissue engineering was collected and analyzed.Results Tenomodulin is a type Ⅱ transmembrane glycoprotein that can regulate growth of tendon and contains a C-terminal anti-angiogenic domain.The human Tenomodulin gene spans approximately 1360 bp and is mapped to Xq22.1.The expression of Tenomodulin is regulated by various biological factors,especially Scleraxis;and the nature and structure of scaffold material as well as the stain loading and cell passage,can modulate the expression of Tenomodulin.Conclusion Tenomodulin,as relatively specific molecule makers for tendon and containing a C-terminal anti-angiogenic domain,is expected to play a significant role in tendon tissue engineering.
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