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《Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery》 2015-01
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REPAIR OF ACUTE CLOSED ACHILLES TENDON RUPTURES BY CHANNELASSISTED MINIMALLY INVASIVE REPAIR SYSTEM

CHEN Hua;HAO Ming;ZHANG Wei;GAO Yuan;LIANG Xiangdang;ZHANG Qun;GUO Yizhu;ZHANG Lihai;TANG Peifu;Department of Orthopaedics,Chinese PLA General Hospital;  
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of channel-assisted minimally invasive repair(CAMIR) for acute closed Achilles tendon ruptures. Methods Between January 2011 and June 2012,30 patients(30 sides)with acute closed Achilles tendon ruptures were treated with CAMIR technique. Among 30 patients,18 were male and 12 were female with an average age of 30.4 years(range,22-50 years); the locations were left side in 10 cases and right side in 20 cases. All the causes were sports injury. B-ultrasound was used to confirm the diagnosis,with the average distance from the rupture site to the Achilles tendon insertion of 4.4 cm(range,2-8 cm). The time from injury to operation was 3 hours to 9 days(median,4 days). All injuries were repaired by CAMIR technique. Results The average operation time was 17.0 minutes(range,10-25 minutes),and the mean incision length was 2.0 cm(range,1.5-2.5 cm). All the incisions healed by first intention. There was no complication of wound problem,deep vein thrombosis,re-rupture,or sural nerve injury. All cases were followed up 12-24 months with an average of 16 months. At last follow-up,the patients could walk normally with powerful raising heels and restored to normal activity level. MRI imaging suggested the continuity and healing of ruptured tendon. The circumference difference between affected leg and normal leg was less than 1 cm,and the ankle dorsi-extension was 20-30°,plantar flexion was 20-30°. Arner Lindholm score showed that the surgical results were excellent in 28 cases and good in 2 cases,with an excellent and good rate of 100%. Conclusion CAMIR is a safe and reliable method to repair acute closed Achilles tendon rupture,with many advantages of minimal injury,low re-rupture and infection. Sural nerve injury can be minimized using CAMIR by carefully placing the suture channel with a stab incision and special trocar based on a modified Bunnel suture technique.
【CateGory Index】: R687.2
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【Citations】
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