Epidemiological characteristics of hand-foot-mouth disease in Chuxiong prefecture in 2010
FAN Ju-fang,JIANG Su-hong,LI Ting-zhong Department of tuberculosis prevention and control,Chuxiong center for disease control and prevention,Yunnan,675000,China
[Objective]To study the epidemic situation and causes of hand-foot-mouth disease(HFMD) in Chuxiong prefecture in 2010,analyze its epidemiological characteristics,and provide the scientific basis for developing the effective control and prevention measures. [Methods]The HFMD data were collected from medical institutions at different levels by national disease supervision information management system in Chuxiong prefecture in 2010,and were analyzed for distribution of time,regional and population.Some samples were collected for pathogenic detection in the laboratory. [Results]There were 1 488 cases in Chuxiong prefecture in 2010,and the incidence rate was 54.87/lakh.The cases were reported during the whole year,and the peak season was June to September,which accounted for 68.93% of total cases.Most of cases occurred in Fenglu county,which accounted for 41.41%.The youngest and oldest patient was respectively 3 months old and 13 years old.1 203(80.85%) patients were children aged 1-4 yeas old.1 074 cases were scattered children,which accounted for 72.18%. [Conclusion]HFMD has been widely spreading in Chuxiong prefecture and incidence rate is high,which is related to weather condition and poor health awareness of scattered children' parents,and it is certainly possible that misdiagnosis and misinformation can not be ruled out.
【CateGory Index】： R181.3