Analysis on surveillance of measles in Dalian City in 2010
LIN Qian,HAN Yi-nan,XIAO Bing,S UN Nan Department of Immunization Program,Dalian Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Liaoning,116021,China
[Objective]To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of measles and operation status of surveillance system in Dalian city in 2010,so as to guide the measles elimination in the future. [Methods]ELISA was applied to examine the measles antibody(M-IgM) and rubella antibody(R-IgM) in serum samples of suspected measles cases in Dalian city in 2010,and the measles data from Dalian notifiable diseases reporting system and measles surveillance system were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology method. [Results]In 2010,17 measles cases were reported by Dalian notifiable diseases reporting system,the reported incidence rate was 0.28/lakh,which was decreased by 26.32% as compared with that in 2009(0.38/lakh).All cases were sporadic,the incidence rate in rural-urban continuum was high,there was obvious peak season,and most of patients were children under 1 year old and adults over 20 years old.Among 31 suspected measles cases which were reported by measles surveillance system,20 cases were confirmed(19 were confirmed by laboratory diagnosis and 1 was confirmed by clinical diagnosis),2 cases were diagnosed as rubella by laboratory test,and 9 cases were denied.The measles surveillance system worked well. [Conclusion]On the basis of timeliness rate of first dose of measles immunization coverage,the supplementary immunization should be carried out among preschool children regularly,and it is suggested that measles vaccination should be implemented among reproductive women.It is necessary to carry out the surveillance and etiological diagnosis for rash diseases.
【CateGory Index】： R511.1;R181.3