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《Occupation and Health》 2012-04
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Assessment of occupational health literacy and its influencing factors among employees in enterprise with toxic or harmful agents in Shenzhen city

LOU Xiao-wen,LIN Hui,FENG Wen-ting,ZHOU Wei,SHI Xin-shan,GUO Mei-qiong Shenzhen Hospital for Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment,Guangdong,518001,,China  
[Objective]To investigate the occupational health literacy status and to discover its influencing factors of employees in noxious enterprise in Shenzhen city,and to provide scientific basis for developing strategies for occupational health education and health promotion.[Methods]Delphi method was used to sift out evaluation indicators and lay down questionnaire of occupational health literacy.There were 4 dimensions to estimate occupational health literacy: knowledge,attitude,behavior and skill.The method stratified-cluster random sampling was adopted and 1987 workers from 40 noxious enterprises were selected for the investigation.[Results]A total of 1987 employees were investigated,the number of valid questionnaires was 1 936 and the effective recovery rate was 97.43%.Total score of occupational health literacy was 72.68±10.49.The mean scores of knowledge,attitude,behavior and skill were 64.21±15.57,75.42±10.46,85.75±12.87 and 71.39±13.77 respectively.The mean scores of the occupational hazard identification and protection,occupational health damage and rights protection,and other sorts(including occupational safety,labor organization,ergonomics,mental health,etc) were 77.30±11.62,67.17±13.35,71.42±12.43 respectively.There were significant differences between different dimensions and sorts(P0.01).Multiple linear regression showed that degree of education,total service length and age were the top 3 influencing factors of total score,all dimension scores(except behavior) and all sort scores,of which age was negative influencing factors,but influencing factors of behavioral scores were total service length,degree of education,service length in ShenZhen,type of work and age.Analysis of covariance showed that occupational health literacy,all dimension and all sort scores of pre-job training group were higher than those of no pre-job training group(P0.05),especially for knowledge scores and occupational health damage and rights protection scores.Occupational health damage cognizance scores of occupational hazards exposed workers about their post were lower than knowledge scores of themselves(P0.01).Multiple linear regression showed that outstanding influencing factors of occupational health damage cognizance scores were age,total service length,type of work,degree of education and post from great to little.The analysis of covariance showed the differences between the pre-service training and no training groups were not significant.[Conclusion]The investigation results show the occupational health literacy status of employees in enterprises with toxic or harmful agents was low.Targeted publicity and education of occupational health and health promotion strategies and measures should be developed to improve the occupational health literacy of employees.
【CateGory Index】: R13
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