Epidemiological analysis on typhoid fever in Kashi Prefecture from 2005-2010
WANG Ting-yu*,DANG Jiang-an,LI Zhao-xia,WANG Li-jie,XU Li-min *Kashi Uyghur Hospital,Xinjiang,844000,China
[Objective]To investigate the epidemic causes and characteristics of typhoid fever,and provide evidence for developing control measures.[Methods]The epidemic data of typhoid fever was analyzed by using descriptive epidemiology in Kashi Prefecture from 2005-2010.The incidence trend described.[Results]A total of 3 267 cases of typhoid fever was reported through direct network report,with average annual incidence rate of 14.33/100 000.The epidemic of typhoid fever showed obviously seasonal characteristics,with peak incidence in August-October.But sporadic cases appeared in other months.Then the total situation showed a decreasing trend in the 6 years,but the incidence fluctuated at a high level.The positive rate of typhoid was 14.47% from monitoring and was extremely low in focus groups and outside environment and the typhoid bacterium was the main strain type.[Conclusion]The important and main reasons for the typhoid fever outbreak are the polluted water resources,poor sanitation,bad living habits,low immunity,ineffective segregation and daily contact transmission.
【CateGory Index】： R181.8