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《Occupation and Health》 2012-04
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Characteristic analysis of registered pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Shunchang county 2002-2010

RAO Hao-yu Department of Tuberculosis Control,Shunchang Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Fujian,353200,China  
[Objective]To analyze the visiting characteristics of active pulmonary tuberculosis(PTB) and new smear positive tuberculosis patients who were registered in Shunchang county of Fujian province in the past years,provide the evidence for the sustainable strategies of tuberculosis control.[Methods]The general characteristics of active PTB and new smear positive tuberculosis patients in Shunchang county from 2002 to 2010 were analyzed according to sex and age.The composition of visiting source types with different sexes was statistically analyzed.The occupational classification was conducted in patients,and the therapeutic condition of new smear positive tuberculosis patients with different occupations were statistically analyzed.[Results]During 2002-2010,a total of 1012 cases of active PTB patients and 567 cases of new smear positive tuberculosis patients were registered in the county,and the male-to-female ratio was 2.65∶1 and 2.81∶1,respectively.Most of patients were people over 65 years old,patients aged 15-54 years old respectively accounted for 60.08% and 60.85% of active PTB patients and new smear positive tuberculosis patients.There was no significant difference in composition of visiting source types between male and female patients.The referral was the main source,followed by clinical symptomatic inspection.The majority of TB patients in Shunchang county were farmers,which respectively accounted for 50.3% and 49.74% of active PTB patients and new smear positive tuberculosis patients.According to different occupations,the cure rates of students,teachers,cadres and medical staff were high,and that of farmers and retirees were low.There were significant differences in cure rates among attendants in public places,commercial service staff,workers,migrant workers,farmers,retirees,homemaking staff,home service staff and job-waiting people.[Conclusion]There are some characteristics in sex,age,composition of visiting source,occupational structure and therapeutic condition of TB patients in Shunchang county.In the future,the elderly TB patients cannot be neglected,and rural TB patients are the emphasis on TB control.
【CateGory Index】: R521
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